Configuring Linux Real Time Bidirectional File Replication and File Synchronization in EDpCloud Software
Introduction to bidirectional file replication for backup and file mirroring
In this blog, we will learn how to configure EDpCloud software for Linux real time bidirectional file replication and to synchronize data back and forth between two Linux servers (For backup purposes, online file mirroring or for process automation). Whenever a file changes in one server, it also changes in the other server, hence mirroring files and the content of the two servers. Any changes that happen in one server will also happen on the other server and vice-versa.
Our objective here is to backup one Linux server to another and vice-versa.
For example if you modify file “foo” on a server called “svr1”, file foo will also be modified on server “svr2” and vice-versa(by sending only the deltas or the part of the file that changed).
Without delay, lets jump in and see how we can accomplish this task.
Please read this article first:
Requirements for Bidirectional Linux File Replication and remote file mirroring
1. Download and install EDpCloud by visiting https://www.enduradata.com/downloads. If you have 64 bit Linux, make sure you download the 64 bit package, otherwise download the x86 package (32 bit).
2. Install EDpCloud file replication
Details about the installation can be found in the articles cited above.
3. Have your list of directories or files that you want to replicate handy: This is the list of directories that you want to monitor in real time for backup.
Configure bidirectional file replication and file synchronization
1. cd $ED_BASE_DIR/etc
2. vi includes and add all the directories you want to include in replication
The includes and excludes files use regular expressions. For more information read the post on includes and excludes:
Edit file replication includes
Your includes much have only the directories you want included. If you don’t have an include file, everything is included by default.
Add the following two lines using a text editor (or the browser based GUI). This will allow the servers to only include the files that match the patterns below in the bidirectional file replication. Make sure you do the same in both servers.
This will only replicate and mirror files that are under /data and the directory /data itself.
Edit file replication excludes
Again see the post about excluding files from replication. It is critical that you exclude all directories such as etc, var, etc. The default excludes has such a list. I cannot stress enough how important it is to use includes and excludes to avoid mirroring files in /etc such as the passwords, the host names and IP addresses. Make sure you use the includes to specify what to replicate.
EDpCloud requires fuse. You can find the sources under $ED_BASE_DIR/edpcloud/src
as root:[ Please replace the version numbers if needed ]
tar xvf ed_fuse-2.9.5.tar.gz
You can install fuse under /usr/local or under $ED_BASE_DIR/edpcloud
Now add /usr/local/lib
/etc/ld.so.conf (assuming you installed fuse there)
Edit eddist.cfg file replication configuration
We will need to create two links (also called replication sets). One going from svr1 to svr2 (l1) and one going from svr2 to svr1 (2). File changes that take place on svr1 will be synchronized with svr2 using link (repset) l1. File changes that take place on svr2 will be synchronized with svr1 using link l2.
Here is the content of eddist.cfg
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <config name="enduradata" password="Addoud4d4ch1n1gh4T4s4" workers="4"> <link name="l1" password="foo"> <sender hostname="svr1" /> <receiver hostname="svr2" storepath="/" /> </link> <link name="l2" password="foo"> <sender hostname="svr2" /> <receiver hostname="svr1" storepath="/" /> </link> </config>
Notice that the file replication configuration above will not propagate deletes between the two systems. To propagate deletes we need to add the keyword deletes=”1″ to eddist.cfg as the following example shows (But don’t do deletes=”1″ unless you know what you are doing).
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <config name="enduradata" password="Addoud4d4ch1n1gh4T4s4" workers="4"> <link name="l1" password="foo"> <sender hostname="svr1" /> <receiver hostname="svr2" storepath="/" deletes="1"/> </link> <link name="l2" password="foo"> <sender hostname="svr2" /> <receiver hostname="svr1" storepath="/" deletes="1"/> </link> </config>
Now the directory /data will be mirrored between the two servers svr1 and svr2. Any changes made on svr1 are made on svr2 and any changes made on svr2 are made on svr1 using file synchronization. Please note that there is no distributed lock manager between the two servers and the last writer wins (Same behavior as with NFS).
Start EDpCloud replication services
Run the following command to start EDpCloud and you will be on your way to synchronize data between the two servers in real time thus ensuring that data is backed up between the two.
. $ED_BASE_DIR/bin/edpcloud.sh startall
Run edstat to make sure edpcloud is running before you proceed to the next step. Do not proceed unless edpcloud is running without the realtime configuration. If you run into problems check eddist.log to find out what is wrong with your file replication (Other logs can be found in $ED_BASE_DIR/logs)
Replicate some data by using:
edq -l linkname -r receivername -n dir_or_filename
run edstat again and verify that your files were replicated to the receiver side.
Do all the previous steps for all hosts in in eddist.cfg. Once scheduled and on demand replication and backup is working, proceed to configure the real time replication and synchronization.
Edit edfsmonitor.cfg Real Time Replication Configuration
Add this line in the file and save it.
This tells EDpcloud to monitor /data for changes and queue them for replication to the remote server.
Now that real time replication is configured, you need to start the real time file system changes monitor:
Source in the environment (notice the dot):
if all worked you should see the directories in edfsmonitor.cfg mounted (use df to see what is mounted)
The following is a list of related articles you may be interested in:
- File replication for OpenBSD, Linux, Windows, Mac and a ransomware solution
- Disaster Recovery: Disaster Avoidance, Escape and Tolerance
- Cross-border Data Transfer
- On Business Continuity Plan (BCP)
- The real costs of data loss and imperfect backups
- Intelligent High Speed Bidirectional Real Time File Replication with IPv6 for Telecommunications
- Backup and data replication for data protection
- Data backup: Protect your data before it is too late.
- Data Migration and File Replication
- On Data Leaks and Data Breaches